Thursday, October 22, 2015

Nature and Causes of Stuttering (part 2 of 2)

The first is characterized by phonological and fluency problems thus causing delays in the appearances of intelligible words and sentences, articulation problems, and slow speech rates.

For example, some adults have the difficulty of pronouncing longer words and have inconsistent articulation errors. Thus, stuttering occurs on longer and unfamiliar words.

The second one is directly linked to difficulties in voluntary control of muscles of respiration. That is why children who stutter most likely have asthma, allergies, and upper respiratory distress. This disorder is characterized by blocks and unvoiced prolongations.

Some theorists also consider the linguistic processing problems as main etiologic factor. Many children show delayed language development. This general category is called linguistic stuttering. There are three sub-types of group. The first one involves the developmental delays in aspects of linguistic processing. The second one is associated with problems in word finding or retrieval. The third is associated with problems in generation of complex grammatical forms and the last involves problems with auditory processing.

Another sub-group involves the cognitive processes. Problems in this area lead to disfluent speech production. However, one theorist says most likely a person who stutter has cognitive abilities that are superior to their linguistic and speech motor abilities.

Psychologically related factors cannot be eliminated in the sub-groupings of the causes stuttering. Anxiety is an important factor in stuttering. This is a critical factor with respect to severity of stuttering.

Theorists have based these groupings mainly on present results of studies. The sub-groupings of stuttering are yet to be tested and experimented.

Nature and Causes of Stuttering (part 1 of 2)

There is no single cause of stuttering to date. Many researchers have come out with varied results—some psychological basis and others neurological causes. There is another field that says stuttering is a homogenous disorder but this is yet to be disputed. It says that stutterers suffer from one underlying problem. Nevertheless, popular theories are based on heterogeneity of the disorder.

One theorist has argued that since there no measurement and causes of fluency, it is harder to define the causes of abnormality. For a long time, theorists believed that the concept of stuttering was an outgrowth or exacerbation of normal disfuency. Yet, these premises and models are still subjected to further experiments and studies.

To further aid in the study of stuttering, theorists tried to categorize and make a sub-group of people who stutters. First is the severity as a grouping variable. Many studies used this sub-grouping with so far mixed results of analyses. Meanwhile, the intriguing sub-grouping of Van Riper described four tracks in the development of shuttering.

The model of fluent speech production presents two important points in understanding the categories of stuttering. First, stuttering shows a failure in temporal processing. Second, stuttering shows an imbalance between the capacities of the fluency generating system and demands of the environment.

Following the model of fluent speech production, hypothetical types or sub groups in stuttering are formulated. First, the speech motor control sub-groups which have two distinct groups called dyspraxic stuttering and respiratory control stuttering.

Wednesday, October 21, 2015

Do It Yourself Credit Repair (part 2 of 2)

Minimize the use of your credit card. As much as possible, pay for items with cash. If you need to use your credit card, monitor how much you can only spend monthly so the money you already owe does not get any bigger.

If you have more than 4 credit cards, try cutting them down to only two. The ones which should go are the ones that have high interest rates and those that were less than 6 months old.

At the same time that you are paying off your debt, it will be a good idea to get a secured credit card to continue building up your credit history. This type of card is unique because you already have the funds in the bank and this will just be deducted every time this is swiped in a card terminal.

Since banks will not give you a loan when you need cash, join a credit union.

You will soon have a good credit rating if you are able to stick to the plan for the next few months or years. Remember, your payment history has the heaviest impact on your credit score.

Credit repair is being able to pay what you owe gradually is much better than filing for bankruptcy. This is because it will be on your credit for the next 10 years so why put yourself in that situation when you can do something to change it now. All it takes is some will power and guts to face it head on.

Remember, you put yourself in this situation so find a way to dig yourself out.

Do It Yourself Credit Repair (part 1 of 2)

What do you do when you have a bad credit score? Panicking will not solve anything and if you can take this problem without any assistance, you can surely do the credit repair yourself.

But how do you do that? The first step is to find out what is written on your credit report. Is everything there correct? Should there be discrepancies, send a letter to the credit agency together with the supporting documents. That way, they can make the changes and this will be reflected on your credit report.

If there is nothing wrong with the report and you have a problem paying your creditors, it is best to inform them at once so they know what is going on and a deal can be struck. To them, they would much rather that you pay a certain amount rather than nothing each month.

This is because even if they can take the matter to court and they do win, you will still not have enough money to pay for what you actually owe them and in the end, they do not get anything out of it.

The agreement you struck must be made in writing so you have something to show in your defense should any problems arise in the future. Since they will keep their part of the bargain, just make sure you do your part.

To do that, you need to create a budget and make sure you are saving enough money to what you agreed to pay. You may have to cut down your shopping expenses and eating out for quite some time. Whatever you earn should be used only for the essentials like bill, gas and groceries.

Sunday, October 11, 2015

7 Ways to Treat Visitors from Your E-mail Groups to Keep Them Coming Back (part 2 of 2)

Have a segregated group?  Offer relevant content nevertheless

Relevant content is essential to ensuring that you treat your site's visitors well.  Regardless of how diverse your e-mail groups are, it's essential that you still cater to their unique interests and needs.  Check your content because this is how you'll win their hearts and loyalty.

Always offer a selection

Variety makes for an interesting blog or website.  Even if your site has a theme, make sure you offer other content that may be directly or indirectly related to the main subject.

Practice politeness

Political correctness may be overrated for some but politeness is here to stay.  Always treat visitors that come from e-mail groups with respect.  Avoid writing insults or leering comments.  Remember that people are entitled to their own opinions and their right to express themselves is protected by the law.

You may not agree with what they say but hey, it's a democracy.  And that's exactly the reason why you enjoy the privilege of maintaining your own website in the first place.  So lighten up and treat your visitors with respect.  Who knows?  You could even build a stronger e-mail group list in the process.

7 Ways to Treat Visitors from Your E-mail Groups to Keep Them Coming Back (part 1 of 2)

E-mail groups can be a rich mine of prospects.  It's only logical that you do everything you can to make sure that visitors coming in from that source are well taken care of so they come back to your blog or website again and again.  After all, it probably took you a lot of time and effort to target your leads and tap your network of contacts in order to generate the listing from that e-mail group.  Don’t let it go to waste.  Here are 7 ways you can use to treat visitors that come from e-mail groups and make sure they come back again and again:

Have a working website

Nothing could be more frustrating and annoying to a visitor than attempting to get through to a website that hangs or simply freezes.  If you want visitors coming from e-mail groups to stick around or come back, make sure your website or blog delivers.

Check your website for general operability and use.  Do graphics take too long to load?  Perhaps it's best to switch to an image with a lower resolution or change the images altogether.  Are there dead links?  It's probably time to do a periodic site repair.  Is the site troublesome?  Perhaps it's time to overhaul the whole site or switch to an account with your ISP that can accommodate your site's demands.

Make sure your site can handle the traffic

Traffic can be a problem, particularly if you're on a shared site or free blog.  Ultimately, it all boils down to server and processor limitations, so it's a good idea to check if your server has the memory and processor capacity to handle a surge of traffic coming from your e-mail groups.  Although blog platforms and most sites are optimized to handle any traffic surges, it's still best to check.

Know your visitors

Granted that e-mail groups are generally easier to 'read' and categorize than generic listings, it's still best to determine certain tendencies that each group has.  To do this, you'll need to spend some time analyzing the figures and reports from your blog or website.

Check your most popular entries – those write ups that have generated a spike in traffic, read visitor comments, discussion threads and posts and check your stats regularly.  If you receive e-mail messages from your e-mail groups, you might want to check their content for clues.  Familiarizing yourself with your visitors will allow you to offer better content and service and approach them on a more personalized level.


Don’t make your visitors feel that they just landed on a deserted planet when they visit your website.  Make sure that you reply to their inquiries, comments and messages.  Go beyond the usual 'Thanks for your comment' or 'Come back for more info' posts.  Read their messages and post replies that encourage more interaction.